Many people know that Hungarian is not related to any Indo-European language. Hungarian is a Uralic language, but there are several theories of its origin. Linguistic connections between Hungarian and other Uralic languages were discovered in the 1670s, and the family itself (then called Finno-Ugric) was established in 1717.
Finno-Ugric rather than Turkic language continued to be more popular. Some experts say that our language is originated from the Turkic and Mongolian languages, so we can’t exactly determine its origin.
Hungary has about 13-15 million native speakers, but the population of Hungary is only 10 million. How can it be? - It's because a lot of Hungarians live in the surrounding countries such as Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria, but the biggest Hungarian communities can be found in Romania. Besides Europe the amount of Hungarian people is supposed to be about 2 million. They live mostly in the USA.
The old Hungarian language is hard to understand, even for us living in Hungary today. Our language has changed a lot during the centuries. Fortunately there are very few written records from the tenth and eleventh century. Our first coherent text was written in the 12th century.
One of the best-known text is the foundation letter of the Abbey of Tihany. The globe groups were here together in October 2013. The sentences in this famous document are quite different from the present language, but we can understand most of it.
We have a special alphabetic writing system, the Runic script, which was used in the Middle Ages. We don't use it anymore, but it is possible to learn it if you want. The Hungarian Runes are derived from the Old Turkic script.
This table shows the Runic letters and their meaning in Hungarian letters. If you write a word, you should do it backwards.
Our alphabet contains 44 letters. Originally it consisted of 40 letters, but it was spread with other 4 letters which are used in foreign words and names.
On the presentation is possible to see some phrases and the numbers in our languages and it has been translated to Icelandic. We can compare how "similar" they are.
Written by Lilla