Iceland is a young country that is still being formed. The oldest parts of the country are about 16 million years old. The beautiful, bare landscapes highlights the four basic elements; earth, air, fire, and water- in a most dramatic way. Examples are; our active volcanos, bright green valleys, glacier-cut fjords, black sand and beaches, and roaring rivers.
The total size of Iceland is about 103.000 km2, and it‘s the second largest island in Europe, after Britain. 75% of Iceland is highland, highland are the parts that are higher than 200meters over sea.
The waterfall Gullfoss and the hot spring Geysir are one of the most popular tourist attractions in the country. Geysir, sometime known as The Great Geysir is a geyser in south-western Iceland. The English word geyser (means a spouting hot spring) comes from our language.
Glaciers in Iceland cover over 10% of the land and represent the largest glaciers left in Europe. The largest glaciers of them all is Vatnajökull, it is also the biggest in Europe. It represents the source of our pure water and symbolizes the purity of all Icelandic products. Indeed nature is our brand and Iceland is dedicated to preserving this natural wealth through responsible conservation. Down from the glacier Vatnajökull in the south east there are a few lagoons which has the icebergs from the glacier swimming in there it‘s very beautiful and it‘s called Glacier Lagoon
In Iceland there are about 30 active volcanos and they erupt regularly. Famous volcanos are e.g. Hekla and Eyjafjallajökull.
The Icelandic domestic animals came with the settlers in the 9th and 10th century. The Icelandic horse is probably the most known and has been and is still amazing travel agency. The Icelandic horse has got five gaits; Walk, trot, canter/gallop, tölt and the flying pace, which is probably the most amazing thing about the Icelandic horse. Other domestic animals that got arrived to the island with the settlers are; the Icelandic sheep and the Icelandic sheep dog. Here is the Icelandic calf. And the settlement chicken. Here is the Icelandic calf. And the settlement chicken
Written by Guðrún Kristín and Heiðdís Anna